The Religious Roots of Alcoholics Anonymous|
and the Twelve Steps
by A. Orange
Chapter 33: Bibliography
For more information on Frank Buchman, and his connection to
Alcoholics Anonymous, as
well as the many other problems with A.A., read the first
chapters of the following three excellent books:
Alcoholics Anonymous: Cult or Cure? Charles Bufe,
See Sharp Press, PO Box 1731, Tucson AZ 85702-1731
Dewey: 362.29286 B929a 1998
(This is the second edition; it has noticeably more information
than the first edition.)
More Revealed: A Critical Analysis of Alcoholics Anonymous and
the Twelve Steps Ken Ragge, 1992.
ALERT! Publishing, P.O. Box 50233, Henderson, Nevada 89016-0233
The first chapter of More Revealed, which
specifically covers Frank Buchman and
the earliest days of A.A., is available free on the Internet,
It is very good; highly recommended.
A History of Addiction & Recovery in the United States
See Sharp Press, PO Box 1731, Tucson AZ 85702-1731, 2001.
Dewey: 362.29180973 or 362.2918 L547h
Also from See Sharp Press, another excellent critical analysis
of the whole recovery industry, including A.A., treatment centers,
and "codependency therapy".
Mental health in A.A.
For the standard party line about everything, see "The Big Book", really:
Alcoholics Anonymous, Third Edition, 1976,
published as "anonymous", but really written
by William G. Wilson, Henry Parkhurst, Joe Worth, and 31 or more other people.
Published by Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc.
Dewey: 362.29 A347 1976
Alcoholics Anonymous, Fourth Edition, 2001,
published as "anonymous", but really written
by William G. Wilson, Henry Parkhurst, Joe Worth, and many other people.
Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. New York, NY, 2001.
Dewey: 362.29 A347 2001
Note that the earlier editions of the A.A. book are available
for free on the Internet, in both HTML and plain text formats.
It seems that somebody was too sober to remember to renew the
Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions
(written by William G. Wilson and
published as 'anonymous'.)
Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. New York, NY, 2000.
Dewey: 362.2928 T969 1965
This is one of the most insane and vicious books around.
It is right down there with Mein Kampf as far as its
ratio of lies to truth, and
hate content, is concerned.
It is ostensibly Bill Wilson's
explanation of his Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions, but it
dark and evil, Bill Wilson's poisonous contempt for
human nature masquerading as spirituality. It was written
while Wilson was in the middle of his eleven-year-long bout of deep
clinical depression, and it shows.
It is really a brutal, hateful assault on the character of
people who happen to have a drinking problem.
Bill Wilson hated himself and his own character flaws, so he
all of his
own weaknesses and character flaws onto the alcoholics
around him, and also onto a mythical stereotypical alcoholic,
and then said,
"Look at him.
Look at how disgusting he is. We are all like that."
This whole book is non-stop guilt induction.
Lois Remembers: Memoirs of the Co-Founder of Al-Anon and Wife of the
Co-Founder of Alcoholics Anonymous Lois Wilson
Al-Anon Family Group Headquarters, Inc. 1991.
Lois' book is pretty pathetic:
it was probably ghost-written for her, somebody else putting
her mouth, yet again, because it came out
in 1979, long after Bill's death, when she was also very
old and frail. The Lois Remembers book parrots much of
the standard party line in the Big Book, including the
"jealous of God and A.A." story:
Slowly I recognized that because I had not been able
to "cure" Bill of his alcoholism, I
resented the fact that someone else had done so,
and I was jealous of his newfound friends...
God, through the Oxford Group, had accomplished in a twinkling
what I had failed to do in seventeen years.
— Lois Remembers, page 99.
That book doesn't say a word about Lois being angry with Bill for refusing
to get a job (leaving her to support the family), and just spending all of his time
going to A.A. meetings,
Children Of The Healer: The Story of Dr. Bob's Kids
Bob Smith and Sue Smith Windows,
As Told to Christine Brewer
First publication: Parkside Publishing Corp., Park Ridge, IL, 1992.
2nd Printing, paperback: Hazelden Information Services, Center City, MN, 1994.
Applicable to both printings:
Dewey: 362.292 SM52C or 362.2923
Two children of Doctor Bob describe an alcoholic father who
created a dysfunctional family.
Doctor Bob pressured his daughter Sue to spurn her high-school
sweetheart and marry A.A. number four,
Ernie Galbraith. The marriage was a disaster, because Ernie was
habitually unfaithful (just like Bill Wilson), and relapsed often.
Ernie's story was quietly removed from the second edition of
the Big Book in 1955, but she didn't get to divorce Ernie
until 1965. Then she finally married Ray Windows, her old high-school sweetheart.
The Akron Genesis of Alcoholics Anonymous
Dick B., 1992, 1998.
Paradise Research Publications, Inc., Box 959, Kihei, HI 96753-0959.
Dewey: 362.2928 B111a 1998
See Dick's web site at:
He has a good selection of books about the early days of Alcoholics
Also see more history at:
Bill W. Robert Thomsen
Harper & Rowe, New York, 1975.
Dewey: 362.29 W112t
This is a good biography of William G. Wilson, even if it is very positively
slanted towards Mr. Wilson, because the author knew Mr. Wilson and worked
beside him for the last 12 years of Mr. Wilson's life.
This book will still tell you about some of Bill Wilson's warts,
his fat ego, his publicity-hound behavior, and his years-long
Alcoholics Anonymous Comes Of Age William G. Wilson
Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. (AAWS), New York, 1957, 1986.
Harper, New York, 1957.
LC: HV5278 .A78A4
Dewey: 178.1 A1c
This is Bill Wilson's version of the history of Alcoholics Anonymous.
It suspiciously differs from known history
here and there.
'PASS IT ON'; The story of Bill Wilson and how the A.A. message
reached the world 'anonymous'
Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. (AAWS), New York, 1984.
LC: HV5032.W19P37x 1984
This is the official, council-approved version of the history
of Alcoholics Anonymous. A lot of it is
lies and distortions
and re-writing history, and Bill Wilson's tall tales.
Strangely enough, there is also some very interesting stuff
in here, including chapter 16, which describes
Bill's spook sessions
and séances, talking with
of the dead, and communicating
with spirits through spirit rapping and the Ouija board. See pages 275
Language Of The Heart William G. Wilson
A.A. Grapevine, New York, 1988.
LC: HV5278 .W15 1988
This is a collection of Bill's writings, speeches, and letters,
assembled after his death.
The Language Of The Heart: Step 12 Hazelden
Hazelden Educational Materials, Center City, MN 55012-0176, 1983.
Dewey: 362.2928 M135L
Don't confuse this pamphlet with the above book. This is just
a short piece of 12-Step propaganda from Hazelden,
16 pages of advice on how to do Step Twelve.
Bill W. My First 40 Years
'An Autobiography By The Cofounder of Alcoholics Anonymous'
Hazelden, Center City, Minnesota 55012-0176, 2000.
Dewey: B W11w 2000
This is Bill Wilson's autobiography, supposedly published anonymously.
It was assembled by Hazelden ghost writers from a set of autobiographical
tape recordings made by Wilson before his death.
Slaying The Dragon: The History of Addiction Treatment and Recovery
in America William L. White
Chestnut Health Systems/Lighthouse Institute, Bloomington, Illinois 61701, 1998.
LC: HV5279.W48 1998
Dewey: 362.29'18'0973—dc21 or 362.291809 WHI
This book is a mixed product.
The beginning, the history of early alcoholism treatment is excellent.
And the ending chapters, on the various alcoholism treatment programs,
But the chapters on Alcoholics Anonymous (15 to 18) and the
chapters on Hazelden and the "Minnesota Model"
are just reprints of the standard A.A. P.R. handouts.
The strongest criticism of A.A. that the author can
muster is asking whether it will work as well for women and racial minoritites
as it does with white men,
without ever having established that it works on white men.
(That's the propaganda trick of
Assuming The Major Premise.)
In fact, he dodges the whole question of the effectiveness of A.A. treatment
by saying that A.A. isn't a treatment program, and A.A. doesn't keep
records (page 176).
Still, this book is required reading for the serious student of
alcoholism and its treatment.
See the bibliography for
more on this book.
On the Tail of a Comet; The Life of Frank Buchman; A Small Town American Who
Awakened The Conscience Of The World Garth Lean
Helmers & Howard, Colorado Springs, CO 80933, 1988.
Originally published in Great Britain by Constable and Co. Ltd. under the
title Frank Buchman, A Life, 1985.
LC: BJ10.M6B834 1988
Dewey: B Bu853L
This book is a total white-wash of Frank Buchman, and large parts of it
are complete fabrications, like the author's account of how Buchman
tried to warn America about the dangers of fascism and Hitler
before World War II, rather than actually praising and admiring Hitler,
which Buchman really did.
a review of the book here.
Frank Buchman: a life Garth Lean
Constable and Company Ltd, London, 1985.
LC: BV3785.B8 or BJ10.M6B834 1985
Dewey: B Bu853L or 269.20924
This book is the same as the one above,
On the Tail of a Comet, The Life of Frank Buchman.
This appears to be an identical printing, just done in Great Britain
and released with a different title
(the same text is on the same-numbered pages).
Remaking the World Frank N. D. Buchman
Robert M. McBride & Company, New York, 1949.
Dewey: 170 B919r
This is the collected speeches and sermons of Frank Buchman, probably
the single most complete collection of the thoughts and statements of
Frank Buchman As I Knew Him H. W. 'Bunny' Austin
Grosvenor Books, London, 1975.
Dewey: 248.2 Au76
Another grovelling true believer praises Frank Buchman. Bunny Austin was
the former famous Davis Cup tennis player (and
whom Buchman used as a decoration
at so many Oxford Group house parties and conventions.
The Message of Frank Buchman R. C. Mowat
(Formerly Scholar of Hertford College, Oxford; Lecturer in History,
Royal Naval College, Greenwich)
Blandford Press, London, 1951.
If it was printed by Blandford Press, you know it's pro-MRA propaganda,
and this small 58-page booklet is no exception.
It only uses eight other MRA books for its source material.
It abounds with such double-talk as, "Moral Re-Armament is the
ideology of inspired democracy" (page 14) without seeing any problem
with the total lack of elections in MRA — nobody ever elected Frank Buchman
or any of the other leaders of the Oxford Group or MRA. To the Buchmanites,
absolute dictatorships were "inspired democracy".
The back cover sums up the author's attitude:
After more than 6,000 years of development, civilization is faced
with collapse. The only alternative to catastrophe, barbarism and
a Dark Age — possibly to the extinction of mankind — would seem to
be the coming of a type of society more advanced than civilization
as we know it. ...
Also see this quote.
The author maintains that significant experiments in building such
a society have taken place during the last 2,000 years.
He traces their effect on the social relations and culture of the
world around, and concludes that there is a pattern of society which
could be carried into effect by a 'creative minority' with a global
strategy and the necessary dynamism to overcome the challenge of
materialistic totalitarian forces.
The author believes that an examination of the world scene reveals
that through Moral Re-Armament this is already taking place.
For Sinners Only
Arthur James "A. J." Russell
Harper & Brothers Publishers, New York and London, 1932.
Dewey: 248 R96
More Oxford Group propaganda, written by a true believer in the cult.
This book is especially good for the glimpse into Buchman's world
that it gives. Just don't expect the stories to be entirely accurate
One Thing I Know A. J. Russell
Harper & Brothers Publishers, New York, 1933.
Dewey: 248 R96o
Describes the author's conversion to Buchmanism.
Gives a first-hand glimpse of Frank Buchman.
God Calling A. J. Russell
This is a very different book by Russell.
This book is the collected delusions of a couple of old ladies who believed that they
were hearing the voice of Jesus Christ when they conducted séances.
This book is their record of all of the 'messages' that they allegedly received
from Jesus Chist.
The Quiet Time Howard J. Rose
Herford College, Oxford University, Oxford, U.K., year unknown, probably late 1920's or
This is a classic Oxford Group book. This one teaches the Buchmanite
practice of receiving "Guidance" — i.e., channelling God.
Frank Buchman's Secret Peter Howard
Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1961.
Dewey: 248 H85f
Peter Howard was
the British fascist who took over
the leadership of Moral
Re-Armament after Frank Buchman died. As you can imagine, he was
a true believer, and had nothing but praise for Frank Buchman and his cult.
This book is some of the most outrageous and grandiose propaganda that
you will find — cult propaganda written by one of the cult leaders.
Britain and the Beast Peter Howard
Heinemann, London, 1963.
This is some of Howard's most hateful and vicious writing.
He devotes two whole chapters, out of the 14 in the book,
to raving about homosexuals.
Remaking Men Paul Campbell, M.D. and Peter Howard
Arrowhead Books, Inc., New York, 1954.
LC: BJ10.M6C3 1954a
Pure Buchmanite propaganda. Really crazy, perverted and hateful stuff that even tells us that
should not 'indulge' in making love or having sex (except to create
In this book Peter Howard explains and rationalizes Buchman's odd theology like the Four Absolutes,
and then praises Frank Buchman and Moral Re-Armament,
and then gives us some anti-Communist and anti-labor arguments,
and then gives a few proof-by-anecdote stories
like the conversion of Bill Pickle the Bootlegger into Bill the Bootlicker
— "The Making of a Miracle".
This book actually purports to teach us how to diagnose
"the sexually driven" — both heterosexual and homosexual.
Pages 60 to 62 reprint
the ridiculous MRA stereotype
of "the homosexual"
as someone who wears suede shoes and favors green clothes.
And the authors teach us that "A most reliable sign of sexual defeat
is piosity. Men who are unctuous and unreal are licked by impurity."
Ideas Have Legs Peter Howard
Coward-McCann, Inc., New York, 1946.
LC: BV4915.H725 1946
More of Peter Howard's crazy opinions on everything.
This book is more autobiographical than the others.
Innocent Men Peter Howard
William Heinemann Ltd., London and Toronto, 1941.
First printing April 1941; reprinted May 1941.
This is Peter Howard's first book, a book of praise of
the Oxford Groups which attempts to refute all of the
criticism and negative publicity which the Groups were
This is the book of praise of Frank Buchman that Peter Howard
wrote before he had ever met Frank Buchman.
Design For Dedication Peter Howard
Henry Regnery Company, Chicago, 1964.
Dewey: 248 H85d
Peter Howard is the man who took over leadership of the
Moral Re-Armament organization after Frank Buchman's death.
As you can imagine, he has nothing but praise for Buchmanism.
This is a collection of his speeches on a variety of subjects,
ranging from religion to anti-Communism.
Moral Re-Armament — What Is It? Basil Entwistle and John McCook Roots
Pace Publications, Los Angeles, 1967.
Dewey: 248 E62m
More pure propaganda from a couple of life-long members of Frank Buchman's cult.
Basil Entwistle was a British draft dodger who came to the USA to avoid
the British draft during World War II, and John McCook Roots was the son
of Bishop Logan Roots, who threw Frank Buchman out of China in the
nineteen-twenties, only to later become a true believer convert to
Pace Publications was the publishing house of MRA in the USA.
Still, this book contains some interesting
history, including a selection of speeches by Frank Buchman and Peter Howard,
both of whom had died by the time this book was written.
This book also covers the last days of the cult, including the
Sing Out and Up With People productions.
Born To Upturn The World: The people who are making the Sing-Out explosion,
"Up With People" David Allen
Copyright Moral Re-Armament, Inc., 1967.
Pace Publications, 835 South Flower Street, Los Angeles, CA, 90017, 1967.
Dewey: 224.55 A425
This is a small booklet of propaganda that praises the Sing Out
and Up With People shows.
Pace Publications was the publishing house of MRA in the USA.
This book is in possession of the Conception Abbey & Seminary Library,
Inter-Library Loan number: 3 7200 00038 2153.
What Is Behind The Up With People! Movement? Vince Conner
An unpublished term paper for a Moral Theology class, May 19, 1968.
I question some of the author's assumptions about how Moral Re-Armament was okay with
the Catholic Church. In particular, he states that he wrote to the office
of Bishop Noa of Marquette (Detroit, Michigan, USA),
about the Bishop's criticism of MRA
and was told that the Bishop had changed his mind completely and that MRA was
okay now. Excuse me, but the Bishop of Marquette cannot change the Pope's
mind for him. It was a Vatican ban on MRA, not the Bishop's ban.
This paper is in possession of the Conception Abbey & Seminary Library,
and is hidden inside the previous book, Born To Upturn The World.
Inter-Library Loan number: 3 7200 00038 2153.
Born To Live In the Future; Up With People at 25 Dr. Morris Martin
Copyright 1990, Up With People.
Up With People, 3103 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson AZ 85719.
Dewey: 780.601 M364bo
Another book about the Up With People show, written by one of the surviving life-long
members of Frank Buchman's cult.
The Fool Hath Said Beverly Nichols
Country Life Press, Garden City, N.Y., 1935 and 1936.
Dewey: 248 N62
This is a book of Nichols' religious philosophy. It includes a chapter of praise
of Buchman's Oxford Groups that Nichols was basically deceived into writing and
putting in this book. Nichols' next book, All I Could Never Be, explains
how the deception was done.
All I Could Never Be Beverly Nichols
E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1950.
Dewey: 828 N61a
A book of memoirs. Includes a chapter on his experiences with Buchman's Oxford Groups
cult, and also experiences at a Nuremberg Nazi Party rally.
The Mystery of Moral Re-Armament, A Study of Frank Buchman and
His Movement Tom Driberg
Secker & Warberg, London, 1964.
Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1965.
LC: BJ10 .M6D7
Dewey: 248.25 D831
This is a great book, one of the most detailed, well-documented,
and complete sources of information about Frank Buchman and
his religious movement. And it is easy, fascinating reading,
written by a fellow who didn't pull his punches when criticizing
Buchman. It was written by Tom Driberg, a fellow who was a colorful
personality in his own right, starting as a newspaper reporter
in London, and then becoming one of the first openly-gay Members of
Parliament in history.
And on top of that, he joined the Communist Party in Britain in the 1930s,
and when he grew disgusted with it and was going to quit, was recruited as
an agent by the British secret intelligence service, MI5, to spy on the
Communists, which he did until his cover was blown in 1946 and the Communist
Party kicked him out.
In the early nineteen-sixties, the London
publishing house of Secker & Warburg asked Driberg to do a book
on Buchman and the MRA, since he had previously reported on them.
Ruling Passions Tom Driberg
Secker & Warberg, London, 1978
Dewey: B Dr831r
This is the autobiography of Tom Driberg. He was everything from
a newspaper reporter to a British Member of Parliament.
He wrote the above book about Buchman and MRA.
Buchman — Surgeon of Souls B.W. Smith, Jr.
American Magazine, 122:26-7+, November 1936.
This is an interesting and balanced article on Frank Buchman — meaning,
they didn't hesitate to criticize or ridicule some of his foibles,
like how he occasionally claimed that God "guided him" to
pay less than the going rate for things.
Apostle to the Twentieth Century; Frank N. D. Buchman: Founder of the
Oxford Group Movement Henry P. van Dusen
The Atlantic Monthly magazine, 154:1-16, July 1934,
vol 154, issue 1, pages 1-16.
A great article, very penetrating and perceptive.
The Oxford Groups Movement Henry P. Van Dusen
The Atlantic Monthly magazine, 154:240-252, August 1934,
vol 154, issue 2, pages 240-252.
The second in the 2-part series by Henry P. van Dusen. Also great.
House-Parties Across the Continent Samuel M. Shoemaker, Jr.
The Christian Century magazine, August 23, 1933, pages 1056-1059.
This is Rev. Sam Shoemaker bragging about the great work that his Oxford
Group recruiting team was doing during a tour of Canada and the USA.
A Critique of Buchmanism Douglas J. Wilson (Prof. in the University of Western Ontario)
The Christian Century magazine, August 23, 1933, pages 1059-1062.
This is a good rebuttal to Sam Shoemaker's article.
A God-Guided Dictator editorial staff
The Christian Century magazine, September 9, 1936, pages 1182-1183
This is The Christian Century magazine's classic answer to Frank Buchman's
"I thank heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler" remarks.
Hitler and Buchman Reinhold Niebuhr
The Christian Century magazine, October 7, 1936, pages 1315-1316.
This is Reinhold Niebuhr's classic answer to Frank Buchman's
"I thank heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler" remarks.
Moral Re-Armament: A study of the movement; Prepared by the Social and Industrial
Council of the Church Assembly, C.A.1129
Church of England, National Assembly, Social and Industrial
Church Information Board of the Church Assembly, Church House, Westminster, S.W.1, 1955.
Dewey: 170 M828c
A very small (49 pages) study of MRA, from the official Church of England viewpoint.
"No one could say that the movement is over modest,
and some of the statements might lead one to think
that love and unselfishness were the discovery of M.R.A.,
and that M.R.A. had a monopoly of these high ideals. But that
is typical of their writing."
"[MRA] assumes that amelioration of the social order is the direct and automatic consequence
of the interior personal 'change', that is of 'love'. It simply is not so."
Twice-Born Men, Narratives of a Recent Movement in the Spirit of
G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London, The Knickerbocker Press, 1923.
Dewey: 248 B41m
This book fawns over and glorifies Dr. Frank Buchman as a religious leader.
For some strange reason, perhaps a conceit of modesty, Frank Buchman is never
explicitly named; he is always referred to as "F.B.".
This book is basically a collection of stories of Frank Buchman making converts.
As a historical document, it does give a peek into another world.
The Eight Points of The Oxford Group, An Exposition for Christians and Pagans
C. Irving Benson
Humphrey Milford Oxford University Press, Cathedral Buildings, Melbourne, Australia, 1936.
Dewey: 248 B47
This is a very pro-Buchman book. It is practically a how-to manual
for Buchmanism. As such, it sometimes degenerates into absurdity and
double-talk, like this footnote on page 45. After asking,
"Are absolute love, purity, honesty, and unselfishness possible?",
There is no need to raise questions of metaphysics or philosophy
and argue about the word 'absolute,' the real meaning of which
nobody knows. 'Absolute' is used by the Group in the practical
sense and means 'perfect.'
Funny, but all of my dictionaries know what the word "absolute"
And it's odd that the author thinks that "perfect" is
more practical and attainable than "absolute."
The author overlooks the fact that both "absolute" and
"perfect" are both
ridiculous cultish demands
for super-human perfection.
This advertising-slogan double-talk is good too:
The Oxford Group Movement is not a new religion; it is religion
anew. Every upsurge of spiritual life in the history of Christianity
has been the rediscovery and re-emphasis of neglected truths.
— Page 58.
Yes, like the forgotten and neglected truths that Adolf Hitler and
Heinrich Himmler were really great fellows.
Soul Surgery: Some Thoughts On Incisive Personal Work
H. A. Walter, M.A., Late Literary Secretary, National Council,
Young Men's Christian Associations of India, Burma, and Ceylon
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1932.
LC: BV4487.O9W35 1932
This book became the manual for Oxford Group recruiting practices.
It teaches "The Five C's", including mind games for extracting confessions
Experiment with God; Frank Buchman Reconsidered Gösta Ekman
Translated from Swedish by Dr. John Morrison
Hodder and Stoughton, London, Sydney, Auckland, Toronto, 1972.
LC: BJ10.M6 E38
This pro-Buchmanite tract was written after Frank Buchman's death by a
Swedish true believer. Lots of double talk and double-think. See
quotes here and
The Oxford Group, Its History and Significance
Walter Houston Clark
Bookman Associates, New York, 1951
Dewey: 248 C614
The author tries to present a fair and objective description of
Frank Buchman and the Oxford Group Movement. He does a fair job of it.
He really minimized incidents like Buchman's getting kicked out
of Princeton, praise for Hitler and the Nazis, appeasement of Hitler,
and draft-dodging by Oxford Group members, but still, he gives a pretty
Drawing Room Conversion; A Sociological Account of the Oxford
Group Movement Allan W. Eister
Duke University Press, Durham, North Carolina, 1950.
LC: BV4915 .E35
My over-all impression of this otherwise fine book is that the author pulls
his punches. The entire "I thank Heaven for a man like
flap is reduced to a footnote in fine print at the bottom of
page 187, and is introduced only as a hearsay note, that
Reinhold Niebuhr had written, in a Christian Century article,
about a newsman writing about an interview with Buchman
"in which the latter is reported to have said"...
That was the only mention of Hitler or the Nazis that I could find
in the whole book. While the facts seem generally true and accurate,
and even plentiful,
I couldn't escape the feeling that a lot of negative (towards Buchman)
stuff was left out. The index actually has no entry for Adolf Hitler,
Nazism, the Nazi Party, fascism, or even Germany.
However, when former President Herbert Hoover spoke briefly and informally
at an MRA luncheon,
December 10 or 11, 1938, saying that he believed in 'ethics and morality',
we learn about that in larger type (pages 48 & 49).
And yes, ex-President Herbert Hoover is listed in the index,
with four entries. Hmmm...
Inside Buchmanism: an independent inquiry into the Oxford Group
Movement and Moral Re-Armament Geoffrey Williamson
Philosophical Library, New York, c1954, published 1955.
LC: BJ10 .M6W5 1955
Excellent. Recommended. Good history. Extensive, fair, even-handed, and sane.
The author was right there, doing a first-hand investigation
of the Oxford Group — a.k.a. Moral Re-Armament —
in both London and Caux, Switzerland. Obviously, this book only
covers up to 1954, but that is the vast majority of the Oxford Groups /
MRA period. The author gives several revealing glimpses into the cult
mind-set, like when, on page 139, he reads
from the writings of Benjamin Franklin,
to some MRA members,
that old Ben had advocated an international
moral organization much like
MRA, and the MRA members just gave him blank looks, and
"Much to my
surprise, there was no great show of interest in this disclosure that
a great figure in American history had undoubtedly thought of
'Moral Re-Armament' nearly two hundred years ago. Apparently for
them there was no prophet but Frank Buchman!"
The Oxford Group Movement: Is it of God or Satan?
J. C. Brown
Produced for the author by
Pickering & Inglis, Printers, Glasgow, Scotland, Great Britain, 1933.
LC: BV4915 .B72 1933
As the title implies, this book is highly critical of the theology
of Frank Buchman.
The Open Secret of MRA; an examination of Mr. Driberg's
'critical examination' of Moral Re-Armament
J. P. Thornton-Duesbery, M.A.
(Master of St. Peter's College, Oxford)
Blandford Press, London, 1964.
LC: BJ10 M6D68
This is MRA's answer to Tom Driberg's book on MRA. It sarcastically
nit-picks everything in Driberg's book, and denies and tries
to explain away everything.
Frank Buchman, Eighty "by His Friends"
Blandford Press, London, 1958.
Dewey: 170 B919
A book of praise of Frank Buchman, put together by his followers for his
80th birthday. Note that Blandford Press was, for all practical purposes,
just an in-house Oxford Group/Moral Re-Armament printing press.
The Oxford Group Movement Herbert Hensley Henson, D.D.
Oxford University Press, New York, 1933.
LC: BV4915 H4
Very interesting. Another critical analysis of the theology of Buchman.
In the introduction, Herbert Dunelm, the Bishop of Durham,
finds three faults in Buchmanism:
- It ignores the demands of the intellect in the high matter of religion.
- The Movement is too closely bound to the moods and claims of
Adolescence (page 6).
- The conception of Christianity which Groupism presents is far too
meagre and limited (page 10).
The Oxford Groups; The Charge Delivered At The Third Quadrennial Visitation
Of His Diocese Together With An Introduction Herbert Hensley Henson, D.D.
Oxford University Press, Humphrey Milford, London, 1933.
LC: BV4915 H467 1933
Another sound criticism of the Oxford Groups.
Saints Run Mad; A Criticism of the "Oxford" Group Movement
John Lane The Bodley Head Ltd., London, 1934.
LC: BV4915.H37 1934
Dewey: 248 H24
Excellent, a fascinating exposé of Buchman's so-called
"Oxford Group Movement" by a contemporary who
attended their meetings and saw, first hand, Buchman at work.
The Groups Movement The Most Rev. John A. Richardson
Morehouse Publishing Co., Milwaukee, Wis., 1935.
Another objective but critical survey of the Oxford Groups, by
a contemporary minister. The author found much to criticize in
Buchman's religion, even before the praise of Hitler and fascist
theocracies became public.
For Groupers Only; Being a Judgement concerning the Oxford Groups
and contained in letters to Duncan Hyde, Undergraduate, sometimes
Joyous Pagan and a recent convert at a House-Party
B. C. Plowright, B.A., B.D.
H. R. Allenson, Ltd., 7, Racquet Court, Fleet Street, London, E.C.4, 1932.
LC: BV4915.P53 1933
An entertaining and interesting set of letters from a critic of the
Oxford Groups to a recently-converted student.
Oxford and the Groups; The Influence of the Groups considered by
Rev. G. F. Allen, John Maud, Miss B. E. Gwyer,
C. R. Morris, W. H. Auden, R. H. S. Crossman, Dr. L. P. Jacks, Rev. E. R. Micklem,
Rev. J. W. C. Wand, Rev. M. C. D'Arcy, S.J., Professor L. W. Grensted
Edited by R. H. S. Crossman
Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1934.
This is a great little book; very informative. It consists of essays
from both leaders of the Oxford Groups like Rev. G. F. Allen, and
criticisms of the Groups from critics like R. H. S. Crossman and
Miss B. E. Gwyer. It gives
you a first-hand look at the Groups from several viewpoints, a snap-shot
in time of the thinking of contemporaries, before Frank Buchman's public praise
of Adolf Hitler. All of the authors were somehow associated with Oxford
University in 1934; most were faculty, a few were clergy.
He That Cometh; A Sequel to 'Tell John,' being further essays on
the Message of Jesus and Present Day Religion Geoffrey Allen,
Fellow and Chaplain of Lincoln College, Oxford
The MacMillan Company, New York, 1933.
LC: A427 232
This is the theology of the Oxford Group Movement, by the same Geoffrey Allen
as who contributed to the previous book. Rev. Allen was a leader and a
true believer in the Oxford Group Movement. This is some very twisted theology;
a radical departure from mainstream Christianity.
It attempts to explain and rationalize all of the practices of the Oxford
Groups, like receiving Guidance and "sharing" sins with others
who are not priests or ministers.
See quotes here.
Allen also told people who were under the Guidance of God
to be ready to break appointments
at a moment's notice, because God may suddenly decide that they should go do
something else instead. See quote here.
The Oxford Groups Maisie Ward
Sheed & Ward, London, 1937.
LC: BV4915.W33 1937
Another criticism of the Oxford Groups, coming from the viewpoint
of a Catholic. The author notes that: 1) The Buchmanite practice of
public confession is at odds with Catholic doctrines, and 2)
"Catholicism cannot be reduced to two or three jingles and a couple
of anagrams." (Pages 30-33.) Quotes:
MORAL RE-ARMAMENT and the CATHOLIC LAY APOSTOLATE
Thomas L. Noa, D.D., Bishop of Marquette
Our Sunday Visitor, Inc., Huntington, Indiana, USA, 1961?.
This is a small pamphlet where Bishop Noa explains that Moral Re-Armament
is incompatible with the Roman Catholic faith.
The Challenge of The Oxford Group Movement; An Attempt At Appraisal
by The Committee Of Thirty
Ryerson Essay number 58
The Ryerson Press, Toronto, 1933.
A tiny 15-page booklet that is another critical examination of the
theology of Buchmanism.
Many good points packed into a small space. For instance,
(on page 14) he wrote of Buchman's practice of "receiving Guidance":
"There is some danger that the Christian conception
of prayer as a solemn act of communication between man and God,
which calls forth the highest qualities of man's intellectual and
moral apprehension, will be degraded to a mere listening to and
recording of the vagaries of the subconscious mind."
The Oxford Group Movement: Is It Scriptural?
H. A. Ironside
Loizeaux Brothers, Publishers, 19 West 21st Street, New York, 1943.
LC: WB231 I71
This is a very small volume, just 32 pages, a single sermon by
Rev. Ironside, denouncing the Oxford Groups and Buchmanism for being
unChristian. Rev. Ironside found that Buchmanism was not a Christian
religion, because the entire practice of Buchmanism
would still be possible even if Jesus Christ had never been born.
See the full text here
They Have Found A Faith Marcus Bach
The Bobs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, New York, 1946.
Dewey: 289 B12
This book describes eight different non-mainstream religions or cults, of which
The Oxford Group/Moral Re-Armament is one. The chapter on MRA is quite good,
quite revealing and descriptive, written by a first-hand witness who
knew his religions.
Dynamic Out Of Silence: Frank Buchman's relevance today
Grosvenor Books, London, 1976.
Originally published as Dynamik aus der Stille, Caux Verlag,
Luzern, Switzerland, 1971.
Pure propaganda. A falsified and sanitized history of Frank Buchman and
his various "movements".
Grosvenor Books is the MRA publishing house in London.
Preview Of A New World; How Frank Buchman Helped his country Move from isolation
To world responsibility; USA 1939-1946
Dewey: 267.16 P951
ILL (InterLibrary Loan) number: 3 1120 01925 1791
(Salt Lake City Public Library, 210 East 400 South, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84111)
This is a fascinating piece of history. It is a large collection of photographs and
newspaper articles that come mostly from the period of time right
around World War II.
Arthur Strong was a British photographer who fell under the sway of Frank Buchman,
and who travelled with Buchman's flag-waving pseudo-patriotic road shows during
the period of 1939 to 1946. Arthur Strong assembled a travelogue of that period.
(Arthur Strong also apparently fell under Buchman's commandment not to serve in the military,
because that British citizen stayed in the USA during the war years
from 1939 to 1946, while Britain
was begging all citizens to come home and help out. In fact, Arthur Strong was one
of the British subjects named in
the draft-tampering scandal.)
This book is hopelessly biased towards Frank Buchman and the Oxford Group/MRA
— it was assembed by a die-hard true believer decades after Buchman's
death, and he actually treated it
as if it were some kind of a holy scripture, to be enshrined in a specially-made
wooden box (see the photograph of the box in the beginning of the book)
— but it is still a wealth of photographs and other historical documents
for historians. There may not be any better collection of photographs of MRA in the world.
Come Wind, Come Weather Daphne du Maurier
Printed in Great Britain in August 1940.
Printed in USA by Doubleday, Doran and Company, Inc., New York, 1941.
A book of short stories of Buchmanites coping with the early part of
World War Two in Europe.
The authoress displayed the usual grandiose exaggeration of the benefits of
Buchman's teachings, along with minimization and denial of his total
failure to prevent the war. This is only thinly-veiled Buchmanite propaganda —
page 15 specifically endorsed Moral Re-Armament by name. We can also
very clearly see the philosophical roots of Alcoholics Anonymous here.
Du Maurier summarised several stories this way:
Megan saw she was a dictator in the home;
George saw that drink and dishonesty were only attempts to escape from his own
... Anna that misfortune is no excuse for bitterness and self-pity.
In other words,
Another quote here.
Fresh Hope for the World: Moral Re-Armament in Action
Edited and Introduced by Gabriel Marcel; Translated from the French
by Helen Hardinge
Longmans, Green And Co. Ltd., London, 1960.
LC: BJ10.M6M33 1960
Another book of propaganda that glorifies Frank Buchman and MRA. The majority of
the book consists of autobiographical stories of being saved from adversity
by being converted to belief in Buchmanism. Then the section called
"The Universal Man — Frank Buchman" is a fawning piece of hero worship
and glorification of the cult leader, on the level of:
One of the veterans of American Communism said, 'I trained 300 men in
Communism, and most of them have left me. What is Frank Buchman's secret, that
the men he has trained remain faithful?'
That stubbornly ignores, of course,
the fact that Frank Buchman's cult also had
an immense drop-out rate.
Buchman did not have any great "secret" training methods.
Once again, the cult members are in denial.
(Besides, where was this secret Communist training camp in the USA that trained
See another quote here.
World Changing Through Life Changing: The Story of Frank Buchman and
Moral Re-Armament; A Thesis for the Degree of Master of Sacred Theology
at Andover Newton Theological School T. Willard Hunter
LC: BJ10.M6H8 1977
This is a strange document. It is a large piece of work, 200 pages,
very well researched, and it is a source of obscure information that I've seen
nowhere else, but unfortunately the author was a true believer in Buchmanism,
and rarely criticized it.
The author was a contemporary of Frank Buchman and a devoted Buchmanite.
He was also a member of Moral Re-Armament for many years, and spent the war years of WWII touring
the country with Buchman's jingoistic shows.
He just rhapsodized about Buchman's "great
accomplishments" and dismissed or minimized his faults and failings.
He even wrote of his own judgement on the subject of Buchman:
The writer's claims to objectivity are slim. He knew and worked with Frank
Buchman and became one of his good friends. He gave his entire time — his
life, fortune, and sacred honor — to this work for eighteen years. A psychologist
would say of such a person that it would be difficult for him to avoid
seeking to justify himself.
See quotes here,
here and here, and
here and here, and
An Evaluation of Moral Rearmament, by Father John A. Hardon, S.J. Archives
Comments on Buchman's "Guidance":
This guidance, received not only by Buchman but by all the members of MRA, has no mark of divine authority on it. There is no guarantee that it will remain the same from year to year, or even among different members. In short, it can hardly serve as the basis for an authenticated worship of God.
In 1946 the Bishops of England and Wales declared:
This movement is so tainted with indifferentism, with the error that one religion is as good as another, that no Catholic may take any active part in such a movement or formally co-operate. Catholics should be warned not even to attend the meetings or gatherings even as spectators.
And the Church's Statements on Moral Rearmament are:
A decree of the Holy Office of August 8, 1951, makes the following provisions:
- It is not fitting for either diocesan or religious priests, and much less for nuns, to participate in meetings of Moral Rearmament.
- If exceptional circumstances should make such participation opportune, the permission of the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office must be requested beforehand. This permission will be granted only to learned and experienced priests.
- Finally, it is not fitting that the faithful should accept posts of responsibility in Moral Rearmament, and especially not fitting that they join the so-called "policy team." 
 Taken from AER, 133 (Nov., 1955), p. 351. It is interesting to note that this statement about MRA follows the decree of the Holy Office on the Rotary by only a few months.
What Is The Oxford Group? "By the Layman with a Notebook"
Oxford University Press, New York, 1933.
Local copy here: What_Is_The_Oxford_Group.pdf
Pure Buchmanism. A manual for the religion. Includes chapters on:
The phrase "with a Notebook" in the title implies that the author was receiving Guidance
in the manner taught by Buchman: sitting quietly, with a notebook in hand, ready to write down
whatever God said.
- The Oxford Group
- Sharing for Confession and Witness
- The Four Absolutes:
- Absolute Honesty
- Absolute Purity
- Absolute Unselfishness
- Absolute Love
- The World
Fascism, British and Other:
Oswald Mosley Robert Skidelsky
Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1975.
Dewey: 942.084'092'4 or B M9125s
A good, thorough biography of Sir Oswald Mosley, the British Fascist.
Provides some information on Peter Howard, who eventually took over the
leadership of the Oxford Groups and Moral Re-Armament after the
death of Frank Buchman.
Rules of the Game; Beyond the Pale; Memoirs of Sir Oswald Mosley
and Family Nicholas Mosley
Dalkey Archive Press, Elmwood Park, IL 60635, 1982.
LC: DA574.M6M67 1991
Dewey: 941.082'092—dc20 or B M9125mo
Another biography of Sir Oswald Mosley and Peter Howard, written by
Mosley's son Nicholas.
Diana Mosley Jan Dalley
Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2000.
LC: CT788.M66D35 2000
Dewey: 941.082092—dc21 or B Mo854d 2000
The most complete biography of Lady Diana Mosley to date.
History in Our Time David Cannadine
Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1998.
Dewey: 941.081 C224h 1998
Includes a chapter on Sir Oswald Mosley and Lady Diana Mosley.
Unity Mitford: A Quest David Pryce-Jones
Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1976.
LC: CT788 M564J65
Also republished in the USA as:
Unity Mitford: An Enquiry into Her Life and the Frivolity of Evil
The Dial Press, James Wade, New York, 1977.
LC: CT788 M564P79 1977
An excellent biography of Unity Mitford, the frivolous mad-cap aristocratic
blond English girl who enjoyed hanging out with Hitler and the Nazis, and she
was the sister of Diana Mitford, who first married Bryan Guiness, of the
Guiness Stout brewing family fortune,
and then dropped him for Sir Oswald Mosley, the leader of
the British Union of Fascists.
The above two books are nearly identical, other than the photographs,
where some were cropped or had text inset in the New York reprint.
The text of the two books is
identical, but laid out differently, printed in different fonts and sizes,
which results in very different page numbers for quotes.
Of particular interest here is the description of Dr. Frank Buchman attending
the 1935 Nuremberg Nazi Party rally, and sitting with the Mitford sisters,
Unity Mitford and Lady Diana Mosley, in the Ehrengäste (Honored Guests)
section behind Adolf Hitler.
Fellow Travelers of the Right; British Enthusiasts for Nazi Germany
1933-9 Richard Griffiths
Oxford University Press, Oxford, c1980, 1983.
An interesting book. Covers both the major and minor players. Quote
Unheard Witness Ernst "Putzi"
J.B. Lippencott Company, Philadelphia and New York, 1957.
Dewey: 943.085 H23u
This is a great read, the fascinating inside story of the rise of
an uncouth country bumpkin named Adolf Hitler to the leadership of
his nation... What makes it unusual is that it is an insider's story
that was written by someone who was relatively sane, and there
weren't very many of them in the inner circle of Nazis and
sycophants around Adolf. In the end, Putzi had to flee to the
USA to escape from the wrath of Hitler and the Gestapo, for
saying true and sensible things just too many times... (Or at
least, that's the way Putzi tells his story...)
Goodbye West Country Henry Williamson
Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1938.
LC: PR6045.I55Z53 1938
This is an interesting book of memoirs that is mostly nature writing,
but he also gives us an account of his experiences in Germany at the
1935 Nuremberg Nazi Party rally, where he saw Dr. Frank Buchman,
These Germans; an estimate of their character seen in flashes from
the drama 1918-1939 John Heygate
Hutchinson & Co., Publishers, Ltd., London. Printed by
William Brendon & Son, Ltd., The Mayflower Press, Plymouth, Great Britain, 1940.
This book is a travelogue about Germany in the 1920s and 1930s. It
includes a chapter about the 1935 Nuremberg Nazi Party rally, where
John Heygate met the Mitford sisters and Frank Buchman.
Reference here and
The Rise and Rall of the Third Reich; A History of Nazi Germany William L. Shirer
Simon & Schuster Inc., New York, London, etc., c. 1959, 1960, pub. 1990.
ISBN 0-671-72892-X (slipcased) ; ISBN 0-671-72869-5 (hardcover) ; ISBN 0-671-72868-7 (pbk)
LC: DD256.5.S48 1981
This is the classic. What can I say?
(Other than, "Also see Bill Shirer's Berlin Diaries —
both the book and the movie.")
Hitler; 1889-1936 Hubris Ian Kershaw
W. W. Norton & Company, New York and London, 1998.
ISBN: 0-393-32035-9 (pbk.)
LC: DD247.H5K462 1999
Another impressive biography of Hitler.
Hitler & Geli Ronald Hayman
Bloomsbury Publishing, New York and London, 1997.
Dewey: B H676hy 1998
Good, fascinating, and chilling.
Geli Raubal was both Hitler's half-neice and his only true girlfriend and lover,
She was found dead in Hitler's apartment in 1931, allegedly a suicide
at the early age of 23.
The descriptions of Hitler's sex life reveal an abused child who grew
into a really sick sado-masochistic narcissist.
The author presents a lot of evidence that supports
the distinct possibility that Geli was murdered by
the Nazis to keep her from disgracing Adolf Hitler and prematurely
ending his political career.
Erik Jan Hanussen; Hitler's Jewish Clairvoyant Mel Gordon
Feral House, Los Angeles, CA, 2001.
Dewey: 133.8092 H251g 2001
A very interesting biography of an amusing fraud, or a successful showman and entertainer,
depending on your viewpoint. He made quite a career of putting on faked psychic
acts, and got a fair bit of success and wealth. Unfortunately, that included
having some high-ranking Nazis owing him a lot of money,
and attracting Adolf Hitler as a believer.
Some of the Gestapo found killing Hanussen to be the easiest solution to
the problems that Hanussen created for them, so they did.
Courage to Change, An Introduction to the Life and Thought of
Reinhold Niebuhr June Bingham
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1961.
Dewey: B N665b
This is a good biography of Reinhold Niebuhr, a theologian
and minister, who currently has a modicum of fame from authoring
The Serenity Prayer.
Christianity and Power Politics Reinhold Niebuhr
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1940.
Reinhold Niebuhr was one of the leading theologians of the early
20th century, and is famed for being the author of the Serenity Prayer.
This book contains the chapter "Hitler and Buchman"
[full text here], which
appears to be a reprint of an article first published in the
Christian Century magazine. It is a no-holds-barred attack
on Buchman and his goofy theology, after his "I thank Heaven for
a man like Adolf Hitler" remarks.
The Serenity Prayer; Faith and Politics in Times of Peace and War
W. W. Norton & Company, New York and London, 2003.
LC: BV284.S47S54 2003
Dewey: 242.4—dc22 or 242.4 S573s 2003
This is a great biography of Reinhold Niebuhr, the author of the
The Serenity Prayer, written by his daughter. Niebuhr was one
of the leading theologians of the early 20th century, and a teacher
at the Union Theological Seminary in New York City.
Cults and Cultish Madness:
Prophets, Cults, and Madness Anthony Stevens
and John Price
First published by Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., London, 2000.
Redwood Books Ltd, Trowbridge, Great Britain, 2000.
Dewey: 291.9 S844p 2000
Interesting, another good slant on the minds and thinking of cults
and cult-like organizations, including Hitler and his Nazis.
The Confusion of Tongues, A Review of Modern Isms Charles W. Ferguson
Doubleday, Doran, & Company, Inc., Garden City, NY, 1928
[Reprinted, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1940.]
Dewey: 289 F35
Fascinating; this book covers a lot of groups and cults seldom
heard of today, like the
"Dukhobors" or "Russellism".
The author tried to show all of the described groups in as positive
a light as he could. I guess he was just trying to avoid a religious
war, but sometimes it can be very disconcerting, like when he
almost sounds pro-KKK.
The chapter on the Ku Klux Klan as a dogmatic, cultish religion
that espouses high moral values
is thought-provoking, to say the least.
The chapter on Buchmanism is very interesting and informative.
Unfortunately, it only covers Buchmanism up to 1927.
A Rumor About The Jews; Reflections on Antisemitism and the
Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
Stephen Eric Bronner.
St. Martin's Press, New York, 2000.
Dewey: 305.8924 B869r 2000
LC: DS145.P7B76 2000
The story of the forgery called "Protocols of the Learned Elders of
See this footnote.
A Doomsday Reader; Prophets, Predictors, and Hucksters of Salvation
editted by Ted Daniels
New York University Press, New York and London, 1999.
ISBN: 0-8147-1908-2 (alk. paper); 0-8147-1909-0 (pbk.: alk. paper)
LC: HM866.D66 1999
Dewey: 301 D691 1999
Includes a chapter on the "Protocols of the Learned Elders of
Zion", pages 99-107.
Fake It Til You Make It! Phil Kerns
Victory Press, Carlton, Oregon 97111, 1982.
LC: HD9999.S742K4 1982
An interesting exposé of Amway as a commercial cult.
The title of the book — "Fake It Til You Make It!" —
is an Amway slogan. It is also a common Alcoholics Anonymous slogan, which is not a coincidence.
Both cults exhort people to pretend that they are successful when they are not,
in order to give newcomers the 'right idea'.
Kerns shows that the average Amway distributor actually loses a few
hundred dollars per year by working as a distributor. The average distributor
makes several hundred dollars per year on commissions from selling soap and
other Amway products, but he spends more than that on "motivational" books,
tapes, rally tickets and other such "sales tools". (Which is easy to
do at $280 per ticket and $70 for a set of tapes.) (Page 117.)
Kerns also criticizes the cultish behavior that he saw: blind obedience of leaders' orders,
demands for total commitment, suppression of dissent, devaluing the outsider,
hyper-emotionalism and brainwashing techniques used,
and grossly distorting Biblical teachings to make it sound like Amway is a Christian
Kerns also does the math and shows how it is impossible for the majority of the rank
and file Amway distributors to get rich: Amway's total profits in 1982
were estimated to be $350 million. But there were one million Amway
distributors that year. Even if Amway Corporation were to distribute
ALL of its profits to the distributors and keep nothing for itself
(unlikely), that would still only give the distributors $350 each.
Or Amway could manufacture 350 new millionaires and give nothing to
the other 999,650 distributors. (Pages 112-114.) But no way can everybody
get rich, no matter how hard they "work the program".
In addition, the largest amount any Amway distributor ever made in one year
But at Amway rallies, top distributors are declared to have made fantastic amounts,
like $70 million a year. How could that be? Easy. By selling books, tapes, and rally tickets
to the rank and file distributors. (Page 85.)
Easy, good reading.
The International Jew, The World's Foremost Problem Henry Ford Sr.
A 1958 reprint of the articles "Appearing originally in the periodical
published by the Ford Motor Co. 'The Dearborn Independent.'"
"Abridged from the original as published by the world renowned industrial
leader Henry Ford Sr."
Copy prepared for the printer by Gerald K. Smith,
National Director, Christian Nationalist Crusade,
Post Office Box 27895, Los Angeles 27, California
This is the hateful anti-Semitic diatribe that the neo-Nazis love,
described above. It is so
extreme that it leads one to question the sanity of Henry Ford Sr..
Some of the chapters are so outrageous that they are funny:
- Jewish Jazz becomes Our National Music
Yes, everybody knows how the Jews all moved out of New York and went to New Orleans
and took over Basin Street...
- Liquor, Gambling, Vice, and Corruption.
Ford says that Jews control all of the mobs.
Silly me, I thought that Alfonso Caponé was
an Italian name, but what do I know?
Jewish Influences in America; volume 3 of The International Jew
Henry Ford Sr.
The Dearborn Publishing Co., Dearborn, Mich. November, 1921.
LC: DS145.D5A32 vol 3.
This is the third volume of selections of Ford's anti-semitic articles
that appeared in The Dearborn Independent. Some of this material
also appears in the above condensation of Ford's articles. The subjects
of these chapters are similarly insane:
The level of stereotyping and hatred is almost unbelievable. For instance,
Ford considered all of the Jewish garment makers to be Bolsheviks:
- Are the Jews Victims or Persecutors?
- Jewish Gamblers Corrupt American Baseball
- Jewish Degredation of American Baseball
[Henry Ford was very upset
about "the commercialization of baseball". Some star
baseball players were beginning to receive what Ford considered to be
very large salaries ($125,000 for Babe Ruth's contract was mentioned),
and Ford blamed the Jews for all of it. It is funny that the fabulously
wealthy multi-millionaire Ford felt that Babe Ruth
should work for peanuts, but that he, Henry Ford, should not.]
- Jewish Jazz Becomes Our National Music
- How the Jewish Song Trust Makes You Sing
- Jewish Hot-Beds of Bolshevism in the U.S.
- Jew Trades Link With World Revolutionaries
- Will Jewish Zionism Bring Armageddon?
- How the Jews Use Power — By an Eyewitness
- How Jews Ruled and Ruined Tammany Hall
- Jew Wires Direct Tammany's Gentile Puppets
- Dr. Levy, a Jew, Admits His People's Error
- Jewish Idea Molded Federal Reserve Plan
- Jewish Idea of Central Bank for America
- How Jewish International Finance Functions
- Jewish Power and America's Money Famine
'Why the tendency of the Jew to the "needle trades"?
It is explained in his aversion to manual labor, his abhorrence of agricultural
life, and his desire to arrange his own affairs.'
(Page 91, Jewish Hot-Beds of Bolshevism in the U.S.)
...the "needle trades" being exclusively Jewish, all their abuses
are Jewish too. ... Bolshevism is not Russian but Jewish...
(Page 92, Jewish Hot-Beds of Bolshevism in the U.S.)
But in other chapters, Ford says that the Jews are controlling international
banking and finance, not the garment industry. And I never noticed Henry Ford
taking to the agricultural life either, out plowing the south forty behind his mule.
And Ford sure insisted on arranging his own affairs...
Why did a man of such wealth
and power spend so much time, money, and energy attacking people who had apparently
done nothing to him, and whose alleged world-wide conspiracies had not stopped Henry
Ford from becoming as wealthy as King Midas?
I have to seriously question Henry Ford Sr.'s sanity. (In his old age, he was in
fact declared senile, but his strange behavior began decades before that.)
Henry Ford and the Jews; The Mass Production of Hate
Public Affairs, New York, 2001.
LC: CT275.F68B28 2001
Dewey: B F699h 2001
Excellent, detailed, complete. Everything you never wanted to know about
what a hateful, deceitful monster Henry Ford turned into.
The American Axis; Henry Ford, Charles Lindbergh, and the Rise of the
Third Reich Max Wallace
St. Martin's Press, New York, 2003
LC: DS146.U6W35 2003
Quite good, extensive, complete.
Radio Priest; Charles Coughlin, The Father of Hate Radio
The Free Press, New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Singapore, 1996.
LC: BX4705.C7795W35 1996
Quite good. Thorough and well-documented. The story of one of the more
interesting characters in modern American history — the father of hate radio.
Father Charles Coughlin invented Rush Limbaugh's game back when radio
was a new medium.
And Caughlin was a stereotypical rabid right-winger, raving about "The Jewish
Conspiracy" and Communists, while parrotting Nazi propaganda.
More details here.
Brainwashing, Propaganda, and Psychology:
The Fine Art of Propaganda: a study of Father Coughlin's Speeches
The Institute for Propaganda Analysis; editted by
Alfred McClung Lee and Elizabeth Briant Lee
Harcourt, Brace and Company, New York, 1939.
A great little book that disects
the hate-mongering speeches of
Father Coughlin and exposes the propaganda techniques that he used.
They reduce the list of the many possible logical fallacies and
propaganda tricks to just this short list that was in Father Coughlin's toolbox:
- Name Calling — giving an idea or a person a bad name
- Glittering Generality — create over-generalized positive images and stereotypes
- Transfer (also known as Association) — gaining respectability or admiration
by association with something else that is widely admired or respected
- Testimonial — people tell stories that praise the propagandist's favorite cause
- Plain Folks — it's just us regular plain good-old-boys; nothing to get upset about
- Card Stacking — also called Monopolistic Card Stacking — it's stacking
the odds in your favor by carefully arranging the "facts" while
excluding undesired facts
- Band Wagon — the same thing as "Everybody's doing it", or
"Everybody knows", or "Everybody believes"...
Brainwashing, From Pavlov to Powers,
Originally published by Farrar, Straus, & Cudahy, Inc., 1956.
Reprinted by The Bookmailer, Inc., 30 West Price Street, Linden,
New Jersey, 1958, 1965.
LC: 56-7817 and 60-53397
Dewey: 131.33 H91
This book is very good. It will probably become another classic.
It really gives you the feeling of being there and going through
the brainwashing to which the American, British, and other United
Nations soldiers were subjected during the Korean War.
It also clearly explains just how the brainwashing worked and how
some men succumbed to it, and others successfully resisted it.
And the book is fascinating and a good read.
Against Therapy; Emotional Tyranny and the Myth of Psychological
Healing Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson
Atheneum, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1988.
LC: RC437.5.M38 1988
Excellent. Recommended. Exposes the sordid, unethical roots of psychotherapy.
Masson makes it clear that in his opinion, the scandals that he exposes are not
just flukes or exceptional cases, but rather that psychotherapy is inherently
After describing the horrendous physical, psychological and sexual abuse to
which a Dr. Rosen subjected his patients, Masson asked,
The point of this book is to raise precisely this question: Is Rosen an exception,
or is there something about psychotherapy, something in the very nature of
psychotherapy, that tends toward such abuses? Are these abuses or simply the
use that is made of psychotherapy? A prison warden, a slaveholder, and a
psychotherapist have in common the desire to control another person. (The
analogy may appear inexact, for the person in therapy, many believe, is free
to leave or quit. I don't believe this is true, though it would require a
discussion of the concept of "informed consent." Nevertheless,
the parallels are striking. We know for a fact that many slaveholders thought
of themselves as kindly and argued that slaves were lucky to have them
as masters, for others would be worse. Medical doctors at Auschwitz argued
that if they didn't do what they did, others would do it more brutally.
People who participate in causing suffering to others often employ this
Masson also included a chapter called "Jung Amongst the Nazis",
which exposed the fascist and racist attitudes of Carl Jung. Bill Wilson made
a big mistake in claiming that Carl Jung was one of the spiritual
and psychological parents of Alcoholics Anonymous.
Emotional Vampires: Dealing with People Who Drain You Dry
Albert J. Bernstein, Ph.D.
McGraw-Hill, New York, 2001.
ISBN: 0-07-135259-7 (hard); ISBN: 0-07-135267-9 (pbk.)
Dewey: 158.2 B531e 2001
This is a wonderful little easy-to-read book on the psychology of exploitative
personalities. It's easy to identify both Frank N. D. Buchman and William G. Wilson
as Narcissistic vampires — "Legends in Their Own Minds" who could not
tolerate the least little bit of criticism, and who felt entitled to take the
best of everything for themselves because they were so special, and who threw
screaming temper tantrums
when the common rabble displeased them.
Fulness Of Days The Earl of Halifax
Collins, St. James's Place, London, 1957.
LC: DA566.9 H28A3 1957
This is the memoirs of Lord Halifax. It includes a reference to
Frank Buchman's "Oxford Groups",
The Big Con: The Story of the Confidence Man David W. Maurer
Anchor Books, a Division of Random House, New York, c1940, 1968, 1999.
LC: HV6691.M3 1999
A classic study of con men. Entertaining and informative.
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